Who was to blame for the September Massacres of 1792? Were the deaths planned or spontaneous? How did various individuals, factions, and institutions respond to the killings, and did they seek to use the bloodshed for their own advantage? Before we examine how the massacres changed the revolution, we must understand who is accountable for the carnage in Paris.

Episode Extra:

In Defence of Marat – An examination of Historian Lefebvre’s claim that Marat’s encouragement of the departments to massacre their own prisoners had no effect. Secondly, a rebuttal to Historian Hazan’s suggestion that Marat should not be held partially accountable for the murders. Access here

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