69 Toulon: The Flimsy Coalition and the Second Partition of Poland

Toulon’s Federalist Revolt!

Toulon turns to treason. Placing its hopes in the First Coalition, the French rebels found an alliance crippled by mistrust and division. With the allies focused on their own self-interests, the war with France was often a secondary consideration compared to other territorial or commercial gains.

This episode explore the dysfunctions of the First Coalition. Firstly, in unpacks Anglo-Spanish relations in the wake of the Nootka Crisis, and how naval cooperation between the two nations was far from effective. Secondly, it also examines the Second Partition of Poland, the Bavarian Exchange, and how relations between Russia, Prussia and Austria paralyzed the alliance in late 1792 and 1793.


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