Civil war erupts within the Jacobin Club as Brissot and Robespierre denounce each other’s solutions to the nation’s woes. Diplomatic and ministerial crises finally trigger conflict between France and Austria in April 1792. “To whom will you entrust the direction of this war? To the agents of the Government? You will give supreme power to
As European monarchs threaten war, Jacobin deputies embrace the challenge. A strange alliance is forged between republicans and monarchists as the nation prepares for conflict, while the supporters of a general revolution urge French liberation of the entire continent. Despite the numerous justifications used to pursue revolutionary war, the true motivations of leading actors remains
The Holy Roman Empire (800-1806) was a collection of highly autonomous political entities, including duchies, principalities, archbishoprics, bishoprics, landgraviates, margraviates, imperial free cities, imperial abbeys, imperial knights and imperial villages. At its height, the Empire included literally hundreds of these different political entities, earning the Empire the nickname of ‘Flickenteppich’ (German for ‘patchwork carpet’). By the eve of
As the Legislative Assembly gathered in Paris in October 1791, a new generation of revolutionaries were forced to confront a multitude of threats. The solutions embraced by the deputies were both drastic and controversial. “So grave were the obstacles, by early 1792 the constitutional monarchy had for most intents and purposes ceased functioning.” – Historian
With the democrats on the run, the newly established Feuillant Club had an opportunity to revise the constitution and cement its power. King Louis XVI accepts the Constitution of 1791, but historians and contemporaries alike criticise the document for possessing countless flaws. “It is a general and almost universal conviction that this Constitution is inexecutable.
With the nation shocked by the King’s attempted escape, public debate erupted over the future of both the monarch and the monarchy. Unfortunately for the revolutionary left, these divisive debates resulted in bloodshed and repression. Who should be blamed for the Champ de Mars Massacre, and how successful was the Tricolour Terror it unleashed? “Men,
Endangered by the rising power of both the far-left and the far-right, Louis finally decides to reject the revolution and flee the capital. What was the true catalyst for his flight? How did a series of improbable events impact his escape? Episode 21, “Run Louis Run”, is ready and waiting! Follow his escape route here
The Flight to Varennes was a daring and almost successful escape attempt by the royal family. Fleeing Paris on the evening of 20 June, 1791, the monarchs aimed for Montmédy near the north-eastern frontier. They were intercepted by supporters of the revolution in Varennes on the evening of 21 June. Below are a range of
You’ve heard of fake news. What about fake art? April the 12th is the anniversary of the Dom Gerle Affair. In the heat of the religious debates on 1790, the revolutionary monk Dom Gerle proposed that the Assembly declare Catholicism the sole religion of the state. The proposal was incredibly divisive, and deadly riots resulted
As religious divisions threaten the peace, the Assembly makes an enemy of France’s warrior class through the Abolition of Nobility in June 1790. Mirabeau, seeking to save the revolution from its increasing radicalism, enters into secret dealings with the court. Were his actions justified?